Gothenburg is the second largest city in Sweden with about 0,5 million inhabitants. It is the economic centre of West Sweden with 1,6 million inhabitants, Gothenburg is equipped with the 2nd busiest airport and the largest port of the Nordic countries.
A major infrastructure investment action plan for West Sweden is currently in progress investing 34 000 MSEK (approx 3700M€) during 2011-2027 to develop the regions infrastructure. The program’s overall objectives are to increase livability, enlarge the labour market region and stimulate economic growth. The main goal is to double the market share of public transport for commuters to 40% (currently 26%). Gothenburg’s transport network is the 2nd largest in Sweden, with 1390km streets, 450km cycle tracks and a major tramway network of 80km.
Gothenburg has a highly fertile business climate for ITS-development. An established cluster of advanced commercial, academic and public stakeholders creates a productive context for both system providers and professional services. In this vivid environment, new ITS concepts can be efficiently developed in cooperation between the stakeholders and then deployed. The main public stakeholders are the Swedish Transport Administration (state owned railways and roads), Västtrafik AB (West Sweden’s public transport provider) and the City of Gothenburg’s Urban Transport Administration (Trafikkontoret).
From the ITS perspective the infrastructure program has so far has generated 9 new smart park and ride facilities, a joint effort for a regional traffic control centre (joint effort for state and city roads), and an open web service to share traffic data externally. In the next phase, the awareness and tools for the traffic control centre and the resilience of the public transport network will be further developed. ITS is a valuable tool both to optimize the utilization of the transport network and maybe more importantly, with information tools to keep the public and professional users informed of the available capacities and possibilities in different timeframes.
City of Gothenburg is involved in various ITS projects and networks on both national and European level. Among these are:
- The EU project SMARTSET project develops and shows how freight transport in European cities and regions can be made more energy-efficient and sustainable by a better use of freight terminals.
- The Swedish research project SENDSMART which focus on sustainable freight transport in cities.
- The Swedish research project GO:SMART which are to develop and test an innovative information service to simplify and reward sustainable travel in urban environment.
- CIVITAS, an initiative of the European Union to implement sustainable, clean and (energy) efficient urban transport measures.
- POLIS, a network of European cities and regions working together to deploy innovative technologies and policies for a more sustainable mobility.
- GOTRIS, an applied research project to minimize rail and road traffic disturbances from river traffic on Göta Älv, the river that is dividing Göteborg and is a natural barrier of urban transport.
- NVF-ITS, a Nordic network between public and private transportation stakeholders.
Role in the project
City of Gothenburg, via its Urban Transport Administration, is the WP leader of one work package, WP1 - Data creation and use, where City of Gothenburg is also task leader of the Road Works task. Gothenburg will also participate in WP3, Decision support tools, as task leader for the Soft Prio task and as facilitator for the experimentations in Gothenburg in WP6.
Key contributions and experimentations
City of Gothenburg has since the early 90´been pioneering ITS as a tool for efficacy of the transport network in general and the public transport in particular. Given the challenge of the infrastructure package Göteborg will focus on the following tasks:
- WP1, Road works task: Developing information tools to efficiently handle the multiple planned major road works in the City.
The strategies developed will be documented in guidelines beneficial to all Opticities parters
- WP3, Soft prio task: Developing a solution for resilient and flexible priority of public transport vehicles.
The methodologies and principles will be documented in guidelines beneficial to all Opticities partners.
- In WP6 Gothenburg will test WP1 and WP3 developments and also be one of the sites to field test the Multimodal Urban Navigator developed by Hacon in WP2/WP4.